There are a lot of ways to connect Linux and Windows together: Cygwin, VNC, even Chrome RDP works. But what if you had to do something real specific, like recording a window on the Windows desktop from a Linux command line?
I program applications that run on IBM AIX servers at work. Multiple people will be running different instances of my programs, and if any of my programs are writing to a file at any time, it could become problematic. For example:
Person 1 runs MyProg, which opens MyFile.txt, which contains the text “Hello, World.”
Person 2 runs MyProg, and also opens MyFile.txt, which contains the text “Hello, World.”
Person 1 now makes edits to MyFile.txt and saves it, so now it reads “Hello, World. Beautiful day today!” He exits the program.
Person 2 then makes his edits to MyFile.txt, which reads “Hello, World. Person 1 is a jerk!” and saves.
Person 1 gets fired.
Because there’s no locking, data can get overwritten without anyone noticing.